These papers are made specifically for use on inkjet printers. They are designed to get the best color and image reproduction. Various coatings make this possible.
For vibrant colors, I’ve gotten the best results, by far, with Moab paper. You’ll need to look at the samples at the store to figure out what finish you want (matte, gloss, luster, etc.) http://moabpaper.com/ I’m sure you can buy it online. Here in town, it’s available at Pro Photo Supply.
As with the Moab, there are various finishes that you’ll want to check out in person, if possible. Your choice depends on the application. Stores aimed at professionals like Pro Photo Supply and Arvey Paper should have swatch books for you to see examples of each kind before you buy.
Note that Epson papers don’t come in text weights that are double-sided.
I’ve found this HP paper is a nice weight for booklets. Because Epson doesn’t have a light weight, double-sided matte, this is what I use, when images are critical for reproduction.
Bonus: It’s relatively cheap compared to other papers!
Bummer: I think it only comes in letter size. (though that’s not an issue for the current project!)
As far as I know, you are generally at the mercy of the print shop that has the laser printers you are using. Perhaps they will let you use paper of your own, but generally, I doubt they will, as that’s a risk for their machine. That said, based on work students have turned in to me, I know that places like Clean Copy give a pretty nice paper selection (not just white), for use with their laser printer. It’s up to you to do the research to find out what papers a given service bureau offers ahead of time.
If you’re going for a special feel and want paper with a color or texture (ie: papers that are made more for stationary use or offset printing—not made for use specifically on inkjet printers), you MUST experiment make sure the reproduction is of good enough quality.
Paper Source High end stationery papers of various colors, not much selection in size.
SCRAP Salvaged goods for creative use. Don’t go looking for anything specific, go to find something that will surprise you.
Kelly Paper Aimed at selling to printers, Kelly mainly has paper for offset printing, but they do have quite a selection. They also seem to be cool about letting you take some sample sheets.
Paper Presentation In New York, but this is a great resource for specialty papers. Good images help you find what you need.
Want to learn about what paper to spec, how to understand the various ‘weights’, size standards and more? Check out Mohawk’s great little guide here.